Niches of excellence
The University of Limoges is distinguished in the field of health and more particularly in terms of its three focuses:
The focus on infection and immunity under immunosuppression (3IS)
The University of Limoges is at the cutting edge of this niche of excellence.
- The research team “Pharmacology of immunosuppressors and transplantation (PIST)” conducts translational research on medicines used in transplantation in an approach called “personalised medicine“.
- The laboratory “Anti-infectives: molecular support for therapeutic resistance and innovation” works on resistance to anti-infective agents – a real public health issue facing an increase in noscocomial infections.
- The ” [Research Group on Water, Soil and the Environment] (Groupement de recherche Eau, Sol, Environnement) GRESE works on resistance of bacteria in hospital waste discarded in the environment.
The focus on cancers
- The team “[Control of B-cell immune response and lymphoproliferations] (Contrôle de la réponse Immune B et Lymphoproliférations) CRIBL has made two major discoveries concerning the suicide gene and the functioning of protective cells of antibodies in allergic phenomena.
- The team “[Cellular homeostasis and pathology] (Homéostasie cellulaire et pathologie)” has also won awards for its work on therapeutic receptors – particularly in the area of auto-immunity.
- The “[Natural Substances Chemistry Laboratory ] (Laboratoire de Chimie des Substances Naturelles) LCSN” is renowned for the extraction of molecules from potentially therapeutic, anti-cancerous plants.
The focus on neurosciences and handicaps
- The team “[Myelinated maintenance and peripheral neuropathies] (Maintenance myélinique et neuropathies périphériques) MMNP” deals with handicaps linked to the peripheral nervous system. It tries to understand the mechanisms of nerve damage and repair in peripheral neuropathy – a debilitating and painful disease.
- “[Handicap, Activity, Aging, Autonomy, Environment] (Handicap, Activité, Vieillissement, Autonomie, Environnement) HAVAE” focuses on central neurological pathologies. It deals particularly with strokes, autonomy and physical activity that provides a benefit for recuperation from neurological pathologies. This team is also dedicated to the research of autonomy factors in geriatrics, linked to other players in the “silver economy“.
- The laboratory ” [Tropical neuroepidemiology] (Neuroépidémiologie tropicale) NET“ specialises in tropical neuroepidemiology at the European level and seeks to understand the differences between pathologies that are tropical and “European”. These comparisons allow new pathophysiological hypotheses to be proposed.
A university hospital federation
The University of Limoges is part of the university hospital federation between the university hospitals of Poitiers, Tours and Limoges. This university hospital federation combines the strengths of these universities in the fields of research, teaching and care relating to the transplantation of organs (kidneys, liver and heart). It is the only university hospital federation for transplantation in France.