Trayectorias Humanas Trascontinentales is the scientific digital journal of the International Network Latin America, Africa, Europe, the Caribbean (ALEC) “Territories, Vulnerable Populations and Public Policies” whose headquarters are at the Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences of the University of Limoges (France).

Last issues

N° 14 | 2022
Medios, violencia y alteridad. Las múltiples facetas de una realidad global
Media, violence and otherness. The multiple facets of a global reality

Directed by Paulo CELSO da SILVA, Luciana PAGLIARINI de SOUZA et Maria Ogecia DRIGO

Published on line 10 octobre 2022

It seems to have become commonplace to talk about violence and insecurity in our daily lives. The news that reach us, while reinforcing this sensation, naturalize wars, murders, aggressions, when they insistently expose us to details and images with which, after the initial impact, we become familiar with it all. The speed with which news and facts are published in the media, always in search of novelty and exclusivity, dehumanizes relationships, privileging the fact to the detriment of the suffering of the people involved, whether in wars, environmental or family tragedies. In search of testimonies in moments of extreme fragility something is rationalized that it was not even possible to process internally. The same occurs with family members who have lost their elders in homes for the elderly, forced to externalize their pain to avid spectators of images and news, as we saw during the most acute phase of the pandemic in the media in various parts of the world. It was not a constant in the media because in some territories, news and facts about the pandemic and even talking about a pandemic were banned, censored and self-censored so as not to inform and report the facts.

It is also up to the media to “choose” what will or won’t be on the news the next day. And often that choice is global, news agencies determine what is and isn't important to people in their locations. The multiple forms of violence are simplified when the press privileges only crimes. However, for the social sciences it remains a challenge to understand the phenomenon of violence and the multiple facets that fit under this label. We must necessarily consider the existence of numerous components in the violent scene: the victim, the aggressor, the relatives and friends of both, the police officers and all the public that consumes the daily facts in its multiple media platforms, as well as the own platforms. Who are the victims of violence? And your aggressors, why do they do it? Dialectically, victims, aggressors, spectators and the media leave marks on each other, as they participate in the same socially constructed process.

Considering that the dialogue of cultures should be one of the characteristics of our time, it is worth emphasizing that a new way of living alterity would be necessary, with the affirmation of the exteriority of the other that comes along with its recognition as a subject. This time would cry out for self-improvement, which would imply the epiphany of the other. In this aspect, the question that arises is how can the media, which, in a broad sense, range from interpersonal relationships to massive processes, contribute to propagate respect for the other, for the different, for the strange, for the foreigner?

The theme “Media, violence and otherness. The multiple facets of a global reality” is in line with the research themes developed by the Latin America, Europe, Caribbean International Network (ALEC), which seeks to work for human rights; to build specialized knowledge about the realities and forms of discrimination that affect vulnerable populations, in the different continents and territories in which it operates, in the family, at work, in society, in the educational, health, social fields and in the context of diversity, the environment , of conflicts; contribute to cultural and social change, as well as advise and support the construction of public policies through viable alternative solutions and differentiated practices between men and women, based on respect, equity, recognition and development of rights, empowerment, resilience and inclusion of vulnerable populations, among others.

In this context, articles related to the current global, social and financial crisis due to the pandemic are welcome. However, we seek to focus more broadly on the media phenomenon as an everyday experience in which global hegemonic powers confront local resistance in the search for the recognition of the Other.

SI N° 8 | 2022
Movilidad humana
Human mobility

Directed by Ángeles SOLANES CORELLA, María SUÁREZ LUQUE, Emilio OSORIO A. et Mauricio PHELAN C.

Published on line 04 juillet 2022

Human mobility constitutes one of the topics of most outstanding attention globally due to its implications. Migrations have increased significantly with the diversification of origins and destinations. During the 21st century, human mobility has increased by adopting new modes of transportation. However, the motivation for contemporary international migration continues to have a prominent economic character. It is no less accurate than the number of displaced people, displaced for different reasons and forced to flee in search of protection, has also grown during the last two decades for various reasons of persecution. The above reasons reveal the increase in its volume and the expansion of the conditions that originate it, which is why it is a phenomenon that impacts on a global level.

Human mobility includes asylum seekers and refugees and people forced to move for environmental reasons, catastrophes, or war conflicts in any of its forms. For this reason, authors such as Zygmunt Bauman assert that the increase in mass mobility of refugees and asylum seekers has been by the growing list of "collapsing states" or already collapsed, territories without a state, without law, scenes of tribal struggles ( of cartels) and sectarian, of mass murder. In destination societies, migrants, refugees, or beneficiaries of international protection are strangers, generating different forms of reaction towards them, ranging from the most supportive to extreme rejection such as xenophobia, aporophobia, and other forms of discrimination. In host societies, the lack of consensus on how to deal with and manage the arrival of this foreign population is one of the main issues. For the receiving states, this phenomenon may represent an unprecedented situation for which their institutions are not prepared, while for their inhabitants, it may mean alterations in their daily lives. As is known, the poorest countries are the ones that generate the most significant human mobility. Still, at the same time, paradoxically, they are also usually the ones that host the most immigrants, refugees, and displaced people.

Even though considerable literature addresses human mobility, it is interesting to focus on analyzing the motivations behind the mass expulsion of the population in this particular issue. In other words, a comprehensive vision that attempts to explain and understand this phenomenon from the experiences of migrants and refugees and the perspective of the host population. In this sense, the articles must present an analysis of the meaning, the causes, the reasons –both subjective and objective– of human mobility and account for the implications that it may have for the destination societies.