Trayectorias Humanas Trascontinentales is the scientific digital journal of the International Network Latin America, Africa, Europe, the Caribbean (ALEC) “Territories, Vulnerable Populations and Public Policies” whose headquarters are at the Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences of the University of Limoges (France).

Last issues

SI N° 8 | 2022
Movilidad humana
Human mobility

Directed by Ángeles SOLANES CORELLA, María SUÁREZ LUQUE, Emilio OSORIO A. et Mauricio PHELAN C.

Published on line 04 juillet 2022

Human mobility constitutes one of the topics of most outstanding attention globally due to its implications. Migrations have increased significantly with the diversification of origins and destinations. During the 21st century, human mobility has increased by adopting new modes of transportation. However, the motivation for contemporary international migration continues to have a prominent economic character. It is no less accurate than the number of displaced people, displaced for different reasons and forced to flee in search of protection, has also grown during the last two decades for various reasons of persecution. The above reasons reveal the increase in its volume and the expansion of the conditions that originate it, which is why it is a phenomenon that impacts on a global level.

Human mobility includes asylum seekers and refugees and people forced to move for environmental reasons, catastrophes, or war conflicts in any of its forms. For this reason, authors such as Zygmunt Bauman assert that the increase in mass mobility of refugees and asylum seekers has been by the growing list of "collapsing states" or already collapsed, territories without a state, without law, scenes of tribal struggles ( of cartels) and sectarian, of mass murder. In destination societies, migrants, refugees, or beneficiaries of international protection are strangers, generating different forms of reaction towards them, ranging from the most supportive to extreme rejection such as xenophobia, aporophobia, and other forms of discrimination. In host societies, the lack of consensus on how to deal with and manage the arrival of this foreign population is one of the main issues. For the receiving states, this phenomenon may represent an unprecedented situation for which their institutions are not prepared, while for their inhabitants, it may mean alterations in their daily lives. As is known, the poorest countries are the ones that generate the most significant human mobility. Still, at the same time, paradoxically, they are also usually the ones that host the most immigrants, refugees, and displaced people.

Even though considerable literature addresses human mobility, it is interesting to focus on analyzing the motivations behind the mass expulsion of the population in this particular issue. In other words, a comprehensive vision that attempts to explain and understand this phenomenon from the experiences of migrants and refugees and the perspective of the host population. In this sense, the articles must present an analysis of the meaning, the causes, the reasons –both subjective and objective– of human mobility and account for the implications that it may have for the destination societies.

N° 13 | 2022
Posnormalidad: el mundo que fue y el que vuelve
Post-normality: the world that used to be and the world that is coming back

Directed by Abraham Sánchez Ruiz, Paulo Celso Silva da Silva et Carlos Mejía Reyes

Published on line 06 mai 2022

The declaration of pandemic made on March 11st of 2020 by the World Health Organization due to the outbreak of the SARS Cov2 virus implied defining a series of recommendations to the countries to try to mitigate the level of contagion without border control. The measures to be taken were defined as social distancing, use of masks, avoidance of physical contact between people, confinement, total closure of activities of any other kind involving conglomerations in closed spaces and more. 

The sudden transformation of the order of things, then, implied looking at the Covid-19 phenomenon from a sociological and anthropological perspective to analyze the new forms of adjustment and adaptation of social relations, as well as the total of collective practices in each context. Works such as "Wuhan Soup", "The Cruel Pedagogy of the Virus" and some other as l as profound and harsh as others analyses published at that juncture provided a series of keys to account for the transformations and crises of "normality".

Now, after more than a year and a half of fluctuating waves of recovery and encirclement, we return to the questions that other works inspire. For example, the book "Posnormales" by Esteban Rodriguez and others that propose legitimate reflections on post-quarantine scenarios. Also, Miguel Wiñazki's work "La posnormalidad: Filosofía y esperanza del fin del mundo" (Postnormality: Philosophy and hope for the end of the world) offers reflections that encourage us to ask ourselves what is next for the world after the new normality. 

This position was taken up by institutions such as UNESCO, the ILO and some International Human Rights Organizations with the aim of making visible the new favorable conditions, as well as new risks, in the context of the post-COVID19 crisis. The distinctive feature of this approach is the impossibility of returning to an immediate past prior to the crisis. Whether due to the detonation of new risks, the aggravation of old conflicts or the emergence of new opportunities, there is a more or less structured consensus on new scenarios that need to be discussed.

In this issue of TraHs we ask ourselves the same questions on the hypothetical eve of a definitive post-pandemic social organization.  However, we focus our attention on three scenarios: Human Rights, Employment and Territories.