Rapport de recherche n° 2000-03


Auteur : Dominique Duval & Christian Lair

Titre : SKETCHES AND SPECIFICATIONS - USER'S GUIDE
First part: Wefts for Explicit Specifications

Nbre de pages : 61

Documents : Article (PDF)

Abstract: SKETCHES AND SPECIFICATIONS is a common denomination for several papers which deal with applications of Ehresmann's sketch theory to computer science. These papers can be considered as the first steps towards a unified theory for software engineering. However, their aim is not to advocate a unification of computer languages; they are designed to build a frame for the study of notions which arise from several areas in computer science.

These papers are arranged in two complementary families:

REFERENCE MANUAL and USER'S GUIDE.

The reference manual provides general definitions and results, with comprehensive proofs. On the other hand, the user's guide places emphasis on motivations and gives a detailed description of several examples. These two families, though complementary, can be read independently. No prerequisite is assumed; however, it can prove helpful to be familiar either with specification techniques in computer science or with category theory in mathematics.

These papers are under development, they are, or will be, available at: http://www.unilim.fr/laco/rapports.

In addition, further papers about APPLICATIONS are in progress, with several co-authors. They deal with various topics, including the notion of state in computer science, overloading, coercions and subsorts.

These articles owe a great deal to the working group sketches and computer algebra; we would like to thank its participants, specially Catherine Oriat and Jean-Claude Reynaud, as well as the CNRS.

These papers have been processed with LATEX and XY-pic.

First Part: Wefts for Explicit Specification

The aim of this paper is to define wefts (for the French ``trames'') and to show how they can be used for specification issues in computer science. Moreover, in subsequent papers, wefts will be extended to mosaics, in order to deal with implicit features of computer languages, including the notion of state. Here and in the following paper, we focus on the realizations of the wefts and mosaics, which give them their meaning. Programs will be considered later: wefts provide a good frame for functional programming, while mosaics extends it to imperative programming.

This paper is part of a general study of some applications of Ehresmann's sketch theory to computer science, along with the reference manual. No prerequisite is assumed to read it.

 


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